Oral surgery involves surgical procedures in the oral cavity. The most common procedures are: the extraction of wisdom teeth, dental implants, tooth extraction or extraction of the residual root, removing the top of the roots of the teeth, the removal of the cyst, correction of jaw, bone transplantation.
The emergence of wisdom teeth is often uncomfortable, because in many cases the jaw is just not large enough to accommodate them. This causes pain and swelling of the gums around the teeth, and can damage the surrounding teeth, gums and bone.
Cysts can cause tooth movement or even the deformation of the jaw. Depending on the size it can be removed under a local or general anesthesia.
Bone grafting is performed in cases of implants or bridges when the patient does not have sufficient amount of healthy bone tissue. There are several types of grafts: when the patient is the recipient and donor, the bone is simply transplanted from one place to another, but when the bone is transplanted from one person to another, there will be bones of synthetic material and transplanting from the other individual.
Apicoectomy is a procedure that is performed when the root of the tooth makes a cyst that can not be cured using other procedures. The top of the tooth root is removed in a way that the surgeon makes a cut in the gums and a hole in the jawbone to get to the root of the tooth. This removes the diseased tissue, the wound is sewn, and due to the natural renewal of the bones the opening closes very quickly.
Oral cystectomy is a surgical procedure that removes dental cysts that appear as a reaction to the constant infection coming through the dental pulp of the infected tooth. They most commonly occur in the bone part of the jaw and a cut through the mucous membrane and the bone has to be made, so that the cyst can be removed completely.