Periodontology deals with the study and treatment of gums, bones and fibers that bind the tooth to the bone (supporting tooth structure).
Due to the poor oral hygiene and poor living habits, an increasing portion of the population is suffering from periodontitis. The starting stage is gingivitis, ie the inflammation of the gums, which is reflected in the bleeding of the gums, unpleasantness and pain, and can lead to loose teeth.
If the gingivitis does not get treated, it will spread between the teeth and the gums, creating a gingival pocket that deepens to the extreme point – tooth loss.
Succesfull periodontological treatments performed on time were proven to have beneficial influence on your overall health, including affecting other diseases you might have, especially in older people.
Periodontitis is a disease of the gums. It is the most common dental disease after cavities, and occurs due to poor oral hygiene and bad habits. Periodontitis is caused by the bacteria that are retained and multiplies in the pockets of tartar and plaque.
Periodontitis can be hereditary, and the high risk groups include patients with diabetes (their risk is seven times higher than in healthy people), followed by smokers and people with elevated cholesterol and triglycerides.